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# Colloquium – Xiaofeng Ren, George Washington University

## March 25, 2019 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

**Topic**: **Non-hexagonal lattices from a two species interacting system**

Abstract: A two species interacting system motivated by the density functional theory for triblock copolymers contains long range interaction that affects the two species differently. In a two species periodic assembly of discs, the two species appear alternately on a lattice. A minimal two species periodic assembly is one with the least energy per lattice cell area. There is a parameter $b$ in $[0,1]$ and the type of the lattice associated with a minimal assembly varies depending on $b$. There are several thresholds defined by a number $B=0.1867…$ If $b \in [0, B)$, a minimal assembly is associated with a rectangular lattice whose ratio of the longer side and the shorter side is in $[\sqrt{3}, 1)$; if $b \in [B, 1-B]$, a minimal assembly is associated with a square lattice; if $b \in (1-B, 1]$, a minimal assembly is associated with a rhombic lattice with an acute angle in $[\frac{\pi}{3}, \frac{\pi}{2})$. Only when $b=1$, this rhombic lattice is a hexagonal lattice. None of the other values of $b$ yields a hexagonal lattice, a sharp contrast to the situation for one species interacting systems, where hexagonal lattices are ubiquitously observed.